Most pain in the gums is due to poor oral hygiene. By not brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash regularly, you are putting yourself at risk for gum disease. There are, however, other causes such as cuts, canker sores, and sinus infections. Remember not to brush and floss too vigorously, or this, too, can make the gums bleed and cause them to remain sore, particularly at mealtime when it is near impossible to avoid the gums in the act of eating. The use of tobacco and even some dental hygiene products can damage the gums as well.
10 Causes of Gum Pain
The causes of gum pain are varied and it is important to mitigate the damage by seeing a dentist if you are experiencing gum pain and the cause is unknown or something other than a cut or abrasion. The following causes of gum pain may help in identifying the primary cause of your discomfort.
- Cuts or abrasions – This may be caused by eating something with sharp edges, even something as innocuous as toasted bread or tortilla chips.
- Brushing and flossing too roughly – By brushing and flossing too vigorously you can cause harm to your gums. Using a toothbrush with soft rather than hard bristles is also a way to mitigate gum pain.
- Canker sores – These painful mouth ulcers can be caused by stress or trauma to the mouth’s tissue. Another factor may be an underlying health problem. This could be due to a compromised immune system, gastrointestinal issues, or poor nutrition.
- Tobacco products – Smoking can not only cause gum pain but cancer. As far as tobacco is concerned, chewing tobacco is the most harmful to your gums.
- Sinusitis – Sinusitis is a sinus infection that is caused by inflamed or swollen tissue that lines the sinuses. Both the sinuses and gums can experience pain due to the infection. This is very common, afflicting tens of millions of people a year.
- Dental hygiene products – People have allergic reactions to dental hygiene products. It might be something in the toothpaste or mouth wash you are using. Discontinue the use of one of these products to identify the culprit and then switch to a different brand that is lacking the ingredient that may be causing the pain.
- Food allergies – You can eliminate certain foods in the same fashion as dental hygiene products. A faster solution would be to see an allergist.
- Gingivitis – A mild form of gum disease, gingivitis affects the gums at the base of the teeth. It causes inflammation, pain, and redness. It needs to be treated immediately or it could lead to periodontitis, a more serious condition.
- Periodontitis – At first it causes damage to the gums but then can lead to bone degeneration and even the loss of teeth. This is a stage worse than gingivitis; however, both can be avoided by practicing good oral hygiene.
- Oral cancer – If you have a sore in your mouth that does not heal within two weeks you need to get checked out to see if it’s oral cancer. It can appear not just on the gums but the inside of the cheek, tongue, or tonsils.
Many things, both expected and unexpected, can be the cause of your gum pain. Minor issues like cuts, canker sores, and aggressive brushing and flossing can be easily remedied. The more serious problems like gum disease, allergies, and possible signs of cancer need to be handled by a dental professional. Many of these issues can be averted by brushing, flossing, and using mouth wash every day. Take care of the problem when it first appears and you should make a quick recovery.
Reach Out to Greenwood Dental Care Today
Gum pain can be mild or severe. If the cause is something mild like a cut or sore the problem will go away without much lasting discomfort. But when the pain refuses to subside and there are physical markers of the trauma it is advised that patients seek professional assistance. Greenwood Dental offers an array of dental services, including:
- Family dentistry
- Cosmetic dentistry
Greenwood Dental Care has dentists and dental hygiene experts that can diagnose the problem and find a workable solution. Don’t let gum pain go untreated. It may be a sign of a more serious issue. We can be reached online or at 855.528.3961 for you to schedule an appointment at your earliest convenience.